Breeding chickens – a business with a profitability of more than 50 percent
For beginner farmers, raising chickens can be a great start to a successful poultry farm. On a small site you can place a chicken coop with an aviary for walking poultry and stably receive meat and eggs all year round on your table and for sale. For the organization of the economy does not require large investments, which makes this business even more attractive.
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Overview of Business Ideas for Breeding Chickens
The business idea for raising chickens is profitable due to the stable demand for poultry products: meat, eggs, feathers and fluff, droppings as fertilizer. Rapid poultry growth to productive age, weak dependence on the season makes the business promising and profitable.
How to breed chickens
Choose a business line – the choice of chicken breed depends on it:
meat and egg.
You can keep the bird only in the warm season (spring-summer) or year-round. Initial investment depends on this.
With seasonal maintenance, the minimal equipment of the chicken coop will be enough for you, while with year-round it will require more serious equipment: heating, lighting, etc.
Also distinguish methods of keeping birds:
The outdoor method is more suitable for laying hens. Their egg production depends on the activity, the amount of time they spend in the fresh air during the day. The chicken coop in this case requires a simpler arrangement. The existing outbuildings can be adapted to it: a barn, a garage, etc. Just keep in mind the norms: five chickens should have at least a square meter of free space, and perches should be made along the perimeter of the room.
Cellular – used mainly for growing broilers. They are specifically not allowed to move much so that they gain weight faster. In addition, this method saves space, as the bird in cages can be placed on several tiers. At the same time, the costs of equipping the chicken coop with everything necessary will be higher. For example, a kit for 15-18 chickens costs about 15 thousand rubles. No more than 7 goals are kept in one cage.
To get started, you can try yourself in this business without the big expenses, having organized a mini-poultry farm from improvised materials with simple hens. Then, with the expansion of production, you can buy equipment, purchase thoroughbred chickens.
How to keep chickens depending on the place of residence
The answer to the question of how best to keep chickens depends on your choice – will the enterprise be seasonal or year-round.
If you do not have experience and suitable conditions yet, start with the seasonal one – it is easier. You will need only a fenced area on which the birds will be freely placed, and an easy construction or canopy.
In this case, it is better to buy chickens a few weeks old, but if you buy one-day-old chickens, you need to take care of their placement. At first it can be a large box with newspapers covered with the bottom. For the normal development of the chicks, heating is needed – it can be provided with the help of a lamp on a tripod.
Make sure that the temperature in the box is optimal: in the first five days about 30 ° C, then lower to 26 ° C. Gradually bring the temperature over three weeks to 18 ° C. You need to keep in mind that when buying chickens you cannot determine their sex, which is important if you are going to produce eggs.
For year-round poultry maintenance, you will need to build and equip a chicken coop. It should be spacious enough, without drafts, but with good ventilation and heating in the winter. The floor of the house is covered with a layer of sawdust or straw. In winter they don’t clean it, but they add fresh litter to it. She preet and gives additional heating to the room.
Build a perch at the rate of 25 cm per bird at a height of not more than a meter from the floor and 35-40 cm from the wall. You will also need several special nests where the hens will be carried. It can be shelves or boxes with hay (straw) laid on the bottom. Three chickens usually have one nest.
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To keep the chickens healthy, the air temperature in the house is maintained at a level not lower than 5-7 degrees and not higher than 27 degrees. Also put in a chicken coop a container with a mixture of ash and sand so that birds, bathing in such a bath, can clean feathers.
Every three months you need to disinfect the chicken room with a solution of lime.
To prevent the hens from scattering and stomping food, arrange feeders with grates for them.
Chickens are fed with professional food, adult birds can be given food waste and vegetables that grow in your garden. The diet must have grain, eggshell, chalk, vitamins.